Butte County California Chinese Immigrants

CHICO'S CHINESE


IDENTIFYING WITNESSES


Thirty-one of the photographs had the names of identifying witnesses written on the back. Eleven photographs did not have any names. Some of the names were hard to decipher, and a few of the people may have been listed twice when there was a difference. However, it appears that as many as 95 white citizens, at least some of them from Chico, were willing witnesses for the veracity concerning the dates of residence for the Chinese men in this collection (see Table Five). This information was taken from the photographs themselves. Many of the 95 witness names did not appear in any of the sources we searched. A great deal more research needs to be done to truly “identify” each person. Through this initial work, however, this collection seems to contain some fraudulent names, a situation that would have been a concern for the Immigration and Naturalization Service.


Name of Witness
Chinese Persons

Table Five: NAMES OF IDENTIFYING WITNESS


Chas. Ball
(2), (3), (6), (13), (19), (21), (24), (32), (34), (35), (36), (37), (38), (39), (40)
G. L. Barham
(6), (9), (22), (23), (28), (29), (30), (32), (34), (36), (37), (39)
T. H. Barnard
(25)
H. T. Batchelder
(1), (2), (3), (6), (7), (8), (16), (18), (21), (23), (24), (26), (32), (35)
Harrison Bay, H. Bay
(23), (35)
B. O. Benson
(16)
F. T. Bernard
(18)
Manuel Beslauen ? (Breslauer)
(23)
A. C. Boyles
(7)
I. Bredaner
(19)
A. A. Brown
(22)
A. A. Brummer or Brunner
(19), (26), (41)
M. Bulauer ? (Breslauer)
(12)
Mrs. Emma Bullard
(8)
Z. W. Burnham
(16)
H. D. Burroughs
(22)
E. E. Canfield
(2), (8)
H. H. Crawfor ?
(2)
Watson Chalmers
(7)
W. L. Chandler
(34)
O. L. Clark
(3), (6), (32)
P. L. Clark
(13)
W. J. Costar
(2)
A. H. Crew
(1), (2), (3), (6), (7), (8), (9), (12), (13), (16), (19), (22), (23), (25), (26), (28), (29), (30), (32), (33), (34), (35), (36), (37), (38), (39), (40)
H. W. Crew
(2), (12), (19), (33), (34)
Thomas M. Crew
(2), (41)
John Curry
(7)
John P. Curry
(7), (33), (36), (38), (40)
John P. Curry, Jr.
(23)
T. M. Daniels
(33)
R. Diller
(22), (24)
B. C. Drescher
(35)
R. Duler
(19)
Howard Earll
(7)
William Earll
(1), (22), (25), (34)
Wm. East
(39)
Chas. Faulkner
(8), (18), (39)
John R. Gleeson
(1), (19), (23), (28)
Geo. W. Graves
(21)
J. W. Griswald
(24), (32)
E. Griswold
(8), (37)
F. G. Hack or Hock ?
(40)
F. J. Haugk?
(29)
George F. Hawkins, Geo. Hawkins
(1), (26)
Park Henshaw
(7)
H. J. Howard
(30)
L. L. Hubbell
(6), (9), (12), (26)
E. F. Hunt
(21)
G. T. Jackson
(28)
R. F. Jackson
(39)
A. L. Jansen
(32), (41)
Wm. King
(39)
J. G. Lewis, John G. Lewis
(9), (34), (37)
J. T. Lewis
(40)
Geo. Lyons
(12), (25)
Wm. M. Marvin, W. M. Marvin
(3), (12), (13), (19), (25), (28)
H. C. Mansfield
(18)
J. G. Mayer
(38)
Chas. McCloud
(40)
P. H. McIntosh
(18)
F. W. Miller
(1)
Moose Bros.
(1)
J. G. Murphy
(1), (7), (33), (38), (40)
C. Nathan & Co.
(7)
A. L. Neubarth
(9)
A. L. Nichols
(3), (12), (16), (39)
John H. Noare ?
(37)
Jno. H. Noonan
(38)
Solomon Pettit
(28)
E. T. Reynolds
(30)
J. R. Robinson
(36)
J. N. Roper
(29)
J. W. Roper
(18)
C. C. Royce
(35), (36)
J. H. Sawtell
(25), (29), (30)
A. G. Simpson
(28)
C. G. Simpson
(30)
C. L. Simpson
(7)
T. M. Smith
(7), (38)
W. C. Smith
(9)
George S. Snook
(3), (8), (13), (18), (24), (26)
Thomas C. Spencer
(21)
C. B. Swain
(3), (13)
John T. Veal
(16)
W. H. Waddaurs
(1)
E. A. Warren
(6), (9), (13), (16), (22), (23), (24), (32), (37)
A. F. Waterland
(36)
G. F. Waterland
(24)
Leo Weil
(6)
M. L. Wey ?
(39)
H. D. White
(6)
F. C. Williams
(24), (25)
D. H. Wilson
(26), (35)
Wm. W. Wilson
(29)
C. H. Woods
(40)
name unreadable
(13), (33), (38)
no names listed
(4), (5), (10), (11), (14), (15), (17), (20), (27), (31), (42), (43), (44), (45), (46), (47)



A. H. Crew agreed to using his name as a witness the most times (27) on the back of this collection of photographs. The other top four people were Chas. Ball (present on 15), H. T. Batchelder (present on 14), G. L. Barham (present on 12) and E. A. Warren, whose name was on nine. It was interesting to see that there was one woman listed as a witness, Mrs. Emma Bullard on the Ah Woon photograph (8) dated October 24, 1892. A quick search was made in various places to see if the witnesses could be identified from specific source documents. There are probably many other sources of information on these people we have not yet found.


Charles Ball

Charles Ball was a witness on fifteen of the Chinese photographs in this collection (see Table Five above). There was one Charles H. Ball (46) found in the computerized 1880 Census. He was living in the James B. Tilton household in Chico. His occupation was listed as an accountant born in New York (1834). This person, however, appears not to be the correct Charles Ball who was a listed witness on the photographs. Two of the photographs, Wong Ning (36) and Yee Louis Sing (40), listed Charles Ball’s occupation in 1897 and 1899 as watchmaker. A second Charles Ball was located on the computerized 1880 Census, his place of census was also Chico, Butte County. This Charles Ball (61), jeweler, was living with his wife Rebecca H. and his daughter Almira H. (23). All three members of the family were born in New York. Charles Ball was mentioned in Mansfield (1918:274-276) under “The Chinese Troubles at Chico.” Mansfield reported on some threatening letters sent to prominent citizens who still employed the Chinese. “Charles Ball –Sir: Get rid or your Chinese help within fifteen days from this date or meet the consequences. Committee.” The name of “Charles. Ball” also appeared in the tax rolls for the Town of Chico in the years 1879, 1880, 1883, and 1884 (Butte County Tax Assessment Ledgers 1879-1896). His name was also listed as an officer in the Articles of Incorporation for the Chico (Fire) Engine Company No. 1, dated July 8, 1875, and filed on February 10, 1875. Other officers listed were J. W. Scott, Hiram Arents, George W. Dorn and J. F. Hatton (Butte County Articles of Incorporation 1875-1884).


Gilbert Lee Barham

Gilbert Lee Barham, census place Chico, Butte County, did appear on the computerized 1880 Census. He was a 16-year-old boy living in his father’s household. John J. Barham (49), a laborer, had a household consisting of himself, his wife Arabel C. (45), and their six children. The children were as follows: Oliver N. (22), expressman; Lorenzo I. (21), laborer; Gilbert Lee, who was an apprentice in an express office; Annie A. (13); Hattie I. (10); and Lillie (7). The name of G. L. Barham appeared as a witness on twelve of the photographs (see Table Five). On the Wong Ning picture (36), it stated that he was a Wells Fargo agent. Gilbert had been born in California, his father in Kentucky, and his mother in the Utah Territory. Mansfield (1918:522,573,612) listed a Gilbert L. Barham as one of the nine children of John James and Arabella Barham. This biographical sketch of his brother Lorenzo (Buck) Barham stated that Gilbert was with Busman and Hart of Chico. Mansfield noted on page 573 that the Wells, Fargo and Company Office was located in the Bank of Butte building for at least 23 years. G. L. Barham was also a partner with A. G. Simpson, another identifying witness, under the name of Simpson and Barham. This firm had a 77-acre orchard planted with prunes, peaches, olives and almonds.


Timothy Henry Barnard

T. H. Barnard was an identifying witness for Lee Ding whose photograph (25) was taken October 23,1893. A “Timothy Barnard,” census place Chico, Butte County, appeared in the computerized 1880 Census. His household consisted of himself (32), occupation farmer, his wife Anna R. (22) and their daughter Jessie E. (11 months). Barnard was born in Illinois, and his wife and daughter were born in California. Mansfield (1918:778-780) had a photograph and a biographical sketch of a Major Timothy Henry Barnard. He was born on December 29, 1846, at Naperville, Illinois. His parents were Algernon Sidney Barnard and Elizabeth Reynolds Barnard. He fought in the Civil War beginning in 1863. After the war, he engaged in the lumber business in Michigan and California (1872) and farmed on the Bidwell Ranch (1873-1879). In 1879, Barnard went into a Chico livery business with J. J. Waste. Location of this livery was at Main and First Streets. Later he had a livery located on Salem and Second Streets called the Barnard Livery Company. He incorporated the company and was still the president at the time of his death on August 3, 1916. Barnard was also elected to the State Assembly in 1891. Additionally, he was one of the fifteen committee members who secured the State Normal School for Chico and served seven years as a trustee for the school. In 1877, the major married Anna R. McIntosh. Their children were Jessie, who became Mrs. Harry E. Nichols, and Dr. Harold Barnard, who located in Sacramento.


Hiram T. Batchelder

The name of H. T. Batchelder appeared on fourteen of the photographs (see Table Five above). Mansfield (1918:333, 390) mentioned him several times. He is probably most well-known for being the Butte County Clerk for 1899-1913. Mansfield mentions his testimony in the Fuller Will case. Dr. Rodley, then Mayor of Chico, had tried to bribe Batchelder with $3,000 if he would sign his name to a Will purporting to be that of Alfred Fuller. Batchelder’s name was on the Tax Roll in 1883 under the Mud Creek School District. Taxable resources were the N 1/2, less four acres, for roads in Section 30, Township 23N, Range 1W, M.D.M. This acreage was subject to a mortgage dated June 1,1881, and held by J. B. Whiteside. Property was worth $320, improvements were worth $550, and the mortgage was for $500. No tax amount was listed. The Batchelder name also was found on two Articles of Incorporation records. One was for the Chico Warehouse Company, dated November 16, 1874. Other names listed with him were James T. Morehead, Elisha Crouch, Willard Bassett, Daniel Bidwell, J. M. Decker, and William Van Woert. The second article was also for the Chico Warehouse Company but dated June 14, 1876. Directors for this company, besides Batchelder, were the same as those listed in 1874. The computerized 1880 Census listed a “Hiram Batchelder” household with a census place of Chico, Butte County. Batchelder (42), school teacher, was living with his wife Eleanor (32) and their three children, George T. (13), apprenticed clerk, John M. (10), and Carrie E. (7). The children were born in California, Hiram in Maine, and Eleanor in Iowa. Batchelder died in May 1913.


Harrison Bay or H. Bay (Harmon?)

The 1880 Census did not list a “Harrison Bay ” or an “H. Bay.” A name “H. Bay” appeared on the 1893 image of Jim Gee (23), and the name “Harrison Bay” appeared on the 1892 photograph of Wong Ning (35). Mansfield (1918:481) had a biographical sketch of a “Harmon Bay.” This Bay was born on December 9, 1822, in Hudson, Columbia County, New York. His parents’ names were Thomas and Harriett Bay. Occupations carried on during Bay’s life were miner (1849), Judge of Elections (1849), merchant (1863), under-sheriff of Butte County (1860-1864), president of Bank of Butte County, farmer, Justice of the Peace in Chico Township (1889, 1891-1894) and police judge (1890). In 1862, Harmon Bay was married to Ella Buckius and they had five children--Harriett (Mrs. Park Henshaw), Kate, Harmon, William and Alva. He died on June 4, 1897. The computerized 1880 census did pick up the same Harmon Bay (57) who was living with his wife Ella (40) and their children Harriett (17), Ella Kate (14), Harmon V. (12), William Van Ness (7), and Alva Clinton (5). However, this family was not yet in Chico but had a census place of Oakland, Alameda County.


B. O. Benson

The name of B. O. Benson appeared as a witness on only one of the photographs. It appeared on the image of Gee Pong (16). This name was not in the computerized 1880 census or in the Mansfield publication (1918).


F. T. Bernard

Only once did F. T. Bernard show up as an identifying witness on a photograph of the Chinese men. This photograph was taken in 1893 for Gee Pong (16). One F. Bernard came up on the computerized 1880 census. This Bernard (35) was a laborer, whose census place was Tehama, Tehama County. He was living in the Mary Spence household with ten other people. This property was evidently a farm. Bernard was not found in the Mansfield book (1918).


Manuel Beslauen ? (Breslaur)

Another witness whose last name could not be completely deciphered appeared on the 1893 photograph of Jim Gee (23). It looked like the last name was something like “Beslauen.” This name should have been Manuel Breslaur. A “Manuel Breslaur” household, census place Chico, Butte County, was found on the computerized 1880 census. The household consisted of Manuel (34), his wife Ricke (28), and their three children, Isaac (7), David (2) and Mamie (7 months). Both parents were born in Prussia and all three children were born in California. Occupation listed for Breslaur was ”clothing store.” They were recorded living in Dwelling #42 on Flume Street. Mansfield (1918: 672,675) did have a biographical sketch on an Isadore Breslaur, who was the manager of the “Manuel Breslaur” estate. Isadore apparently was Manuel’s son. Manuel had been born in Germany and was a hatter and furrier by trade. Manuel came to Chico sometime after 1865 and opened a store on Main Street between First and Second selling tobacco, cigars and fruit, eventually carrying other merchandise. Manuel and his wife Ricka Ostroski Breslauer were the first Jewish couple to be married in Chico. Their daughter Mamie would become Mrs. Tochterman. Manuel died on June 8, 1902, at the age of 56 years.


A. C. Boyles

A. C. Boyles also only appeared as an identifying witness on one of the photographs and that was for Ah Jeung (7). His photograph was taken in 1892. A. C. Boyles’ name did not appear on the computerized 1880 Census or in the 1918 Mansfield publication.


I. Bredaner? (Isadore Breslaur)

A name that appeared to be “I. Bredaner” was an identifying witness on the back of the 1893 Hon Jung photograph (19). However, the name was not listed in the computerized 1880 Census or in the 1918 Mansfield publication. There was an Isaac Breslaur (see above), however, in the microfilmed 1880 Census and a biographical sketch in Mansfield of an Isadore Breslaur (1918:672,675). Isadore learned the mercantile trade under his father Manuel Breslaur. After buying his father’s business he expanded the store, selling a full line of clothing, men’s furnishings and shoes. He was also the manager of the Manuel Breslauer Estate Company. This company, in association with the Waterland family, erected the Breslaur and Waterland Building on the corner of Fourth and Broadway Streets in Chico. The company also erected the Junction Building on Main Street and other buildings in various parts of the business district. Isadore was married to Helen Bornstein and they had two children, Winnie and Merton.


A. A. Brown

Brown’s name appeared on the 1893 photograph of Hung Goon (22), but there was no mention of him in the computerized 1880 census. The only “A.” Brown mentioned in the Mansfield publication (1918:183) was for an Alex Brown who was in the “1857 Oroville delagation” riding on the first stage over the road from Oroville to Honey Lake.


A. A. Brunner or A. A. Brummer

The name of “A. A. Brunner” or “A. A. Brummer” appeared on the back of three of the photographs: Hon Kung (19), dated 1893; Lee Yun (26), dated 1892; and Yuen Fook Toy (41), dated 1893. The name “A. Brummer” did not appear on the computerized 1880 Census. However, one “A. Brunner” was found in California, a 45-year-old butcher with a census place of Angel Camp, Calaveras County. Neither of these names were mentioned in Mansfield (1918).


M. Bulauer ? (Manuel Breslaur)

Another name that appeared on just one of the photographs as an identifying witness was what looked like “M. Bulauer.” It was on the 1893 photograph of Chong On (12). Bulauer was not listed on the computerized 1880 Census nor was this name mentioned by Mansfield (1918). This name is probably Manuel Bresleaur. (See information under Manuel Beslauen? above.)


Emma Bullard

Emma J. Bullard (22) came up on the computerized 1880 Census living in Chico, Butte County. This woman seems to be the person whose name was listed as a witness on the back of the Ah Woon photograph (8) dated 1892. Her occupation was listed as keeping house. In 1880, her household consisted of seven people besides herself--her husband William (37), laborer; her son Gilford T. (2); her daughter Josephine (7 months); her brother-in-law Walter Bullard (25), laborer; a carpenter, Henry J. Hughes (26); a laborer, James C. Pollard (21); and a butcher, Adam G. Craig (40).


Z. W. Burnham

The 1893 photograph of Gee Pong (16) had the name of Z. W. Burnham as one of the identifying witnesses. Mansfield (1918:316) listed a Z. W. Burnham in 1887. He was on the committee of fifteen who secured the State Normal School for Chico. The computerized 1880 Census did not have a Z. W. Burnham listed.


H. D. Burroughs

“H. D. Burroughs” did not appear on the computerized 1880 Census. This name only appeared on one photograph--that of Hung Goon (22) dated 1893. This name did not appear in Mansfield (1918).


Eugene E. Canfield

The name of E. E. Canfield appeared on two of the photographs as an identifying witness. The photographs were for Ah Gee, taken in 1893 (2), and for Ah Woon, taken in 1892 (8). A Eugene E. Canfield (27), census place Chico, Butte County, was found on the computerized 1880 Census. He was one of 41 people living in the Henry Rogers household. His occupation was listed as tobacco dealer and his state of birth was Ohio.


H. H. Cawfor ? (Crawford?)

One of the identifying witnesses on the back of Ah Gee’s 1893 photograph (2) was hard to decipher. The name looked like H. H. Cawfor. It was not surprising that the name of Cawfor could not be found in the computerized 1880 Census or in the Mansfield book (1918).


Watson Chalmers

A Watson Chalmers household was found in the computerized 1880 Census with a census place of Chico, Butte County. Chalmers (54) was living with his wife Elizabeth (57). Both of them were born in Scotland. The occupation listed for Chalmers was painter. Chalmers’ name was listed as an identifying witness on the photograph of Ah Jeung (7) dated October 24, 1892. The microfilmed 1880 Census noted that the Chalmers residence, Dwelling #256, was located on Sycamore Street. In 1887, Chalmers was listed as one of a fifteen-member committee appointed to secure passage of a bill and to secure the State Normal School for Chico (Mansfield 1918:316).


W. L. Chandler

The 1880 Census did not show the name of “W. L. Chandler.” This name appeared on the 1894 photograph of Wong Kong (34). W. L. Chandler was not mentioned in the Mansfield publication (1918).


O. L. Clark and P. L. Clark

Arguably O. L. and P. L. may be the same person. What looked like O. L. Clark appeared on three of the 1893 photographs--Ah Hayong (3), Ah Hun (6), and Wong Fun (32). The name of P. L. Clark only appeared on one of the photographs, that of Coon Shoy, taken in 1893 (13). Neither an O. L. nor a P. L. Clark were mentioned in the Mansfield publication (1918). Neither the O. L. or P. L. Clark names were found in the computerized 1880 Census.


W. J. Costar

The name of W. J. Costar was found only on the back of the 1893 photograph of Ah Gee (2). Mansfield (1918) did not mention any Costar nor did this name come up in the computerized 1880 Census. Costar’s name comes up in many other sources.


Alexander H. Crew

A. H. Crew was a witness on 27 of the photographs of the Chinese men in this collection (see Table Five above). Two of the photographs, Wong Ning (36) and Yee Louis Sing (40), state that A. H. Crew was a banker. The computerized 1880 Census listed an Alexander H. Crew household with a census place of Chico, Butte County. There were eight people listed as residing together: Alexander H. (43), cashier; his wife Susan H. (37), keeping house; daughter Lizzie B. (17); son Harry C. (15) (not William?); daughter Emma C. (12); nephew Thomas M. (24), book keeper; brother-in-law William D. Heath (27), assistant cashier; and a Chinese man Sam Sing (25)--no occupation was listed for him. All the Crew children were listed as being at school. Place of birth listed for Alexander and Thomas Crew was England. Susan was born in Australia. The Crew children and William Heath were all born in California. Sam Sing had been born in China. The microfilmed 1880 Census noted that the residence, dwelling #243, was located on Sycamore Street. Mansfield (1918:797-798) wrote about Alexander Crew in the biographical sketch of his son Henry William Crew. The elder Crew helped establish one of the first banks in Chico, the Bank of Chico, in 1872. Later he served as a trustee of the State Normal School. In 1852, Alexander immigrated to San Francisco and shortly thereafter became a messenger for Adams Express Company at Marysville. Mansfield noted that Susan Heath Crew, Alexander’s wife, was a native of England; but the census as noted above says she was born in Australia. Susan died on February 14, 1891, and Alexander died on December 17, 1904.


Henry William Crew

Henry William Crew was listed in Mansfield (1918:797-798) as a successful druggist. He was born on October 8, 1864, at La Porte, Sierra County. His parents were Alexander H. and Susan Heath. Three children were born to them--someone who later became a Mrs. Canfield, Emma Crew, and Henry William. The computerized 1880 Census does show the Alexander daughters’ names as Lizzie B. (17) and Emma C. (12). However, this census shows that the son’s name was Harry C. Crew (15). It is unclear if this is the same person as Henry William. Two birth certificates were found for a Harry W. Crew and his wife Lizzie Conley, one for a female child dated March 6, 1893, and one for a male child dated April 9, 1894. The birth certificate for 1893 noted that he was a druggist between 3rd and 4th Streets on Salem. According to Mansfield, Henry William’s wife’s name was Mary E. (Faulkner) Billiou, born in Oroville. According to Mansfield (1918:798), Henry William Crew graduated from the Department of Pharmacy at the University of California in 1887 with a Ph. D. degree. Additionally, we found a certificate of Co-Partnership filed on March 14, 1888, with the names of Henry William Crew and John Deveny (more needs to be done with that source). In 1889, Crew purchased the J. C. Noonan’s drug store. Crew also had real estate holdings in Chico besides his drug store business. He appears in the tax ledgers of 1892, 1893, 1894 and 1896. His taxable resources in 1891 were a watch ($50) and furnishings ($100), for which he paid $1.80 in taxes. The 1904-1905 Chico City Directory listed the Henry Crew residence at the corner of Third and Chestnut Streets and his drug store address at 232 Main Street.


Thomas M. Crew

The name of Thomas M. Crew appeared as an identifying witness on two of the photographs, the one of Ah Gee (2) and that of Yuen Fook Toy, both taken in 1893 (41). Thomas (24) came up on the computerized 1880 Census as living in his uncle’s household, that of Alexander H. Crew. His occupation was shown as bookkeeper. Mansfield (1918:797-798) did not mention his name in the biographical sketch of his cousin Henry William Crew (Mansfield 1918: 797-798).


John Curry, John P. Curry, J. P. Curry and John P. Curry, Jr.

These four names represent at least two people. John Curry and John P. Curry appeared on the same photograph, the October 24, 1892, one of Ah Jeung (7). John P. Curry was listed on one of the other photographs, Wong Gong (33) dated 1899. J. P. Curry was listed on the Wong Ning photograph (36) that was dated 1897. His occupation was listed as a merchant on this one. Also, a J. P. Curry was found on the 1893 photograph of Wong Quong (38) and the 1899 photograph of Yee Louis Sing (40). Curry was again described as a merchant on the Yee Louis Sing photograph. J. P. Curry, Jr., was a witness on the 1893 photograph of Jim Gee (23). Two John Currys were located in the computerized 1880 Census, father (54) and son (13). However, this listing did not provide a middle initial and their census place was not Chico but the 9th Ward, San Francisco. The senior Curry had his occupation listed as merchant and place of birth Ireland. The Currys were not mentioned in the Mansfield publication (1918).


T. M. Daniels

T. M. Daniels was listed as an identifying witness on the 1899 photograph of Wong Goon (33). This name did not appear on the computerized 1880 Census nor in the 1918 Mansfield publication.


R. Diller

The name of R. Diller did not appear on the computerized 1880 Census. This name did appear as an identifying witness on two of the photographs that were taken in the year of 1893, Hung Goon (22) and Jung Ching (24). Mansfield (1918:1255-1256) did have a biographical sketch of a Roland Diller. However, this could not be the right R. Diller. Roland and his wife Mae did not come to Chico from Illinois until 1902.


B. C. Drescher

One of the witnesses on the back of the 1892 photograph of Wong Ning (35) was B. C. Drescher. This name did not appear on the computerized 1880 Census nor in the 1918 Mansfield publication.


R. Duller

R. Duller did not appear in the computerized 1880 Census nor in the Mansfield publication (1918). This name only appeared on one of the photographs of the men in this collection. The photograph was the 1893 one taken of Hon Kung (19).


Howard Earll

Howard Earll’s name was listed as an identifying witness on the back of one photograph, that of Ah Jeung (7). This photograph was dated October 24, 1892. He did not come up in the computerized 1880 Census nor was he mentioned in the biographical sketch on William Earll (Mansfield 1918:1075-1076).


William Earll

William Earll was an identifying witness on four of the photographs. They were as follows: Ah Chung, dated 1893 (1); Hung Goon, dated 1893 (22); Lee Ding, dated 1893 (25); and Wong Kong, dated 1894 (34). A household headed by William Earll, census place Chico, Butte County, was found on the computerized 1880 Census. William (47) was living with his wife Nancy (46), his daughter Flora (14), his son Frank (13), and daughter Lily (9). The parents were born in the state of New York, the oldest daughter was born in Nevada, while the younger two children were born in California. Occupation for William was listed as hardware merchant. The daughter Flora (Florence) married Judge Richard White on December 30, 1891 (Mansfield 1918:676). The microfilmed 1880 Census stated that the residence, dwelling #331, was located on Ivy Street. There was a biographical sketch of Earll in Mansfield (1918:1075-1076) and another mention earlier in the book. According to Mansfield, William had been a school teacher for 10-12 years before traveling to Nevada and then on to California. He was a miner in California (1865), had a mercantile business in Dunnigan, and then was a partner and manager of the Hubbard & Earll Hardware Store, corner of Broadway and First Street (1880-1905). Earll also was a successful horticulturist and had valuable prune and almond orchards. He was one of fifteen men on a committee to secure a State Normal School for Chico in 1887. The Chico City Directory (1904-1905) listed the Earll residence as being located at 238 Hazel Street. This was also the address of Miss Lillie Earll, school teacher. William died on January 21, 1905.


William East

The name of William East only appeared on one photograph in this collection, taken in 1894 of Wong Yon (39). William East did not appear in the computerized 1880 Census nor in the Mansfield book published in 1918.


Charles Faulkner

A Charles Faulkner household was found on the computerized 1880 Census with a census place of Chico, Butte County. Besides Charles (35), a cashier, there was his wife Mary M. (29), his son Louis G. (5), daughter Ethel C. (1), and Katie Brown (15), a domestic servant. Faulkner was an identifying witness on three of the photographs. They were the 1892 photograph of Ah Woon (8), the 1890 photograph of Hing (18), and the Wong Yon photograph taken in 1894 (39). The microfilmed 1880 Census listed the residence, dwelling #259, as being located on Sycamore Street (now Normal). There is a biographical sketch and photograph of Charles Faulkner in Mansfield (1918: 572-574). He was born one of nine children on December 5, 1846, in Castle Blaney, County Monoghan, Ireland. He immigrated to California in 1862 to work with his brothers George and Thomas who had started a banking business in Oroville. Next he worked for Rideout-Smith Company of Marysville who sent him to Chico in 1871 to organize a branch bank there. This bank eventually was merged into the Bank of Butte County and, until his death on June 30, 1897, Faulkner remained a cashier and one of its largest stockholders. He also was the agent of Wells, Fargo housed in the bank building for 23 years. Additionally, Faulkner engaged in raising fruit and had interests in the Faulkner-Hegen and Faulkner-Robinson Orchards. Charles was married to Mary MacDonald Tilden; their son Louis Glass Faulkner became an attorney in Chico, and their daughter Ethel Faulkner later became the wife of E. B. Copeland.


John R. Gleeson

An entry in Mansfield (1918:337) showed that John R. Gleeson was a notary public in 1895. His name appeared as an identifying witness on four of the photographs for the Chinese men in this collection. They were Ah Chung, taken in 1893 (1); Hon Kung, taken in 1893 (19); Jim Gee, taken in 1893 (23); and Quong Hung, taken in 1894 (28). The name of John R. Gleeson did not appear in the computerized 1880 Census.


George W. Graves

The computerized 1880 Census showed a George W. Graves with a census place of Chico, Butte County. Druggist was listed as his occupation. His household consisted of himself (39), his wife Lillian M. (23), daughter Leila (1), grandmother Eliza Meek (67), and sister Anna Burlingame (19). He was a witness on one photograph for Hoy Lee (21). Mansfield (1918:1087) had a biographical sketch of John W. Graves, one of his six children, with his wife Elizabeth White Graves. In 1918 George was working for Pacific Gas and Electric Company and was residing near Pentz.


J. W. Griswald

The computerized 1880 Census did not show any J. W. Griswald in the state of California. This name did appear on two of the photographs dated in the year 1893, Jung Ching (24) and Wong Fun (32). Griswald was also not found in the Mansfield publication (1918).


E. Griswold

The name of E. Griswold was listed as an identifying witness on two of the photographs in this collection. The photographs were dated 1892 for Ah Woon (8) and 1894 for Wong Ok (37). E. Griswold did not appear in the computerized 1880 Census nor in the Mansfield 1918 publication.


F. Hack or Hock

F. Hack or F. Hock did not come up on the 1880 computerized Census. This name only appeared as a witness on one photograph, that of Yee Louis Sing (40) dated 1899. On the back of this photograph Hack or Hock was identified as a merchant. There was no mention of a Hack or a Hock in the Mansfield book published in 1918.


F. J. Haugk ?

One of the witness names on the back of the 1898 photograph of Sam Yuen (29) could not be deciphered. It appeared to read “F. J. Haugk.” It was not surprising that this name was not found in the computerized 1880 Census or in Mansfield (1918). This may be the same person as F. Hack or Hock noted above.


George F. Hawkins, Geo. Hawkins

Geo. F. Hawkins appeared as an identifying witness on the 1893 photograph of Ah Chung (1), and Geo. Hawkins was listed on the 1892 photograph of Lee Yun (26). Three George Hawkins were listed for California in the 1880 Census, none of which had a census place in Chico or nearby. There was only one for a George F. He was a nine-year-old boy living in his parents’ household in Sonora, Tuolumne County. His parents’ names were John and Ellen Hawkins and they were farmers. No mention of the Hawkins was found in Mansfield (1918).


Park Henshaw

Park Henshaw was a witness on the image of Ah Jeung (7) dated October 24, 1892. The name of Park Henshaw was found on the computerized 1880 Census with a census place of Chico, Butte County. The occupation listed for him was lawyer. At that time he was living in the Ira R. Doolittle Hotel with the four-member Doolittle family and 32 other people. Three of these other people were Chinese--Ah Tang (38), laundryman; Ah Kin (36), laundryman; and Ah Lin (15), laborer. The Mansfield book (1918:480-481) had a biographical sketch of Park Henshaw. He was born in 1846 near Kahoka, Clark County, Missouri. His father’s name was Charles. He served in the Confederate Army and was a made a colonel during the Spanish-American War (1898-1899). He had come to Chico in 1867 where he practiced law. At one time he was the assistant district attorney of Chico. Henshaw married Harriett Bay and they made their home at the corner of Chestnut and Fourth Streets. Additionally, the couple owned 190 acres planted with prunes, peaches and almonds, located just north of Sandy Gulch. Henshaw was mentioned in three other places in Mansfield. The article noted that Henshaw was a lawyer in the litigation concerning the 600-acre Northgraves Ranch located south of Chico, and at one time served on the board of trustees of the Chico Normal School. He also served as the president of the Butte County Electric Company (1900). Henshaw died in June of 1914.


H. J. Howard

The name of H. J. Howard appeared as an identifying witness on only one of the photographs, that of Ah Hayong (3). This photograph was dated November 9, 1893. There was only one H. J. Howard that came up on the computerized 1880 Census. He was a 62-year-old farmer with a census place of French Corral, Nevada County. Mansfield (1918) did not mention H. J. Howard.


L. L. Hubbell

Four of the photographs in this collection contained the name of L. L. Hubbell as an identifying witness. The photographs were of Ah Hung dated 1893 (6), Boo Sang …g ? dated 1896 (9), Chong On dated 1893 (12), and Lee Yuen dated 1892 (26). The Mansfield book (1918) did not mention L. L. Hubbell nor did this name come up on the computerized 1880 Census.


E. F. Hunt

Only one photograph had the identifying witness name of E. F. Hunt and that was for Hoy Lee (21). Photograph was dated October of 1893. No E. F. Hunt came up on the computerized 1880 Census for California. No E. F. Hunt was found in the Mansfield publication (1918).


G. T. Jackson

G. T. Jackson appeared on the 1894 photograph of Quong Hung (28) as an identifying witness. There was no one by this name in the computerized 1880 Census for Butte County. There was a seven-year-old male child named G. T. Jackson with a census place of Monroe, Colusa County. Mansfield did not have any G. T. Jackson listed in the index. However, under the biographical sketch for E. A. Warren (Mansfield 1918:965), another possible identifying witness, Guy Jackson, was mentioned. In 1895, this Jackson purchased Warren’s confectionery, ice cream and toy establishment.


R. F. Jackson

The R. F. Jackson who was an identifying witness on the 1894 photograph of Wong Yong (39) was not mentioned in Mansfield (1918). His name did appear on the computerized 1880 Census.


A. L. Jansen

There was no A. L. Jansen listed for California in the computerized 1880 Census. This name did appear on two of the photographs. They were the 1893 photographs taken for Wong Fun (32) and Yuen Fook Toy (41). Additionally, there was no mention of Jansen in Mansfield (1918).


William King

William King was listed as a witness on the 1894 photograph of Wong Yon (39). Mansfield (1918:124) had a biographical sketch for a William J. King. However, this may or may not be the right William King. The individual in this biography was born on April 5, 1869, in St. Paul, Minnesota. His family came to the Gridley area where he ranched with his father, M. J. King, until the age of 28 (1897). He would have been in the Gridley area in 1894. On that date he studied dentistry at the Northwestern University of Chicago, graduating in 1901. King practiced dentistry in the Gridley area beginning in 1903. He was in a partnership arrangement with his brother growing rice (1915-1918). William King did not appear in the computerized 1880 Census.


J. G. Lewis, John G. Lewis

J. G. Lewis was one of the witnesses listed on the 1986 Boo Sang …g? photograph (9), while the name of John G. Lewis was on the 1894 photographs of Wong Kong (34) and Wong Ok (37). The names of John G. Lewis or J. G. Lewis were not found in the computerized 1880 Census nor in the Mansfield book (1918).


J. T. Lewis

The 1899 photograph of Yee Louis Sing (40) listed J. T. Lewis as one of his identifying witnesses. This photograph reported he had a shoe store. J. T. Lewis did not come up in the computerized 1880 Census nor was that name mentioned in the Mansfield book published in 1918.


George Lyons

Two of the photographs, Chong On (12) and Lee Ding (25), taken in 1893 had the name of George Lyons written on the back. George Lyons (21), with a census place of Chico, Butte County, did come up in the computerized 1880 Census. He was living in the Charles L. Nelson household. Nelson (42), a blacksmith, was residing with his wife Rosanna (39), Harry Stokes (31), a harness maker, Robert A. McBride (23), a horse shoer, and George and Alsace Lyons (20). Occupation listed for George Lyons was harness maker. The microfilmed 1880 Census showed that this residence was located on Salem Street. Mansfield (1918:320) stated that a little child of George Lyons burned to death in 1887. George had been born, according to the census, about 1859.


William M. Marvin, W. M. Marvin

The name W. M. Marvin appeared as an identifying witness on five 1893 photographs-- Ah Hayong (3), Chong On (12), Coon Shoy (13), Hon Kung (19), and Lee Ding (25). Wm. Marvin appeared on the 1894 photograph of Quong Hung (28). Neither one of these names were listed in the computerized 1880 Census nor were they mentioned in Mansfield (1918).


H. C. Mansfield

H. C. Mansfield only appeared as a witness on the photograph of Hing (18) in 1890. This name did not appear in Mansfield (1918), but “Henry C. Mansfield” did appear in the computerized 1880 Census. He was living in Harriet A. Knight’s residence. The people listed for this residence were Harriet (52), millinery, Nicholas Kath (35), butcher, John Miller (47), hostler, Henry C. Mansfield (31), constable, and Jasper N. Portman (32), laborer. The microfilmed 1880 Census noted that this residence was located on Main Street.


J. G. Mayer

The 1893 photograph taken of Wong Quong (38) listed J. G. Mayer as one of the identifying witnesses. There was no mention of this Mayer in Mansfield (1918) nor did the name come up in the electronic version of the 1880 Census.


Charles McCloud

Charles McCloud was one of the witnesses listed on the back of the 1899 photograph of Yee Louis Sing (40). This photograph noted that he was associated with the retail grocery business. Only one Charles McCloud came up in the electronic version of the 1880 Census for Butte County. Charles A. was a six-year-old child whose census place was Oregon, Butte County. No other people were listed as living in this residence. (This entry must be incomplete.) There was no Charles McCloud listed in the Mansfield index (1918).


P. H. McIntosh

There was no P. H. McIntosh listed in the electronic version of the 1880 Census nor was there a mention of that name in Mansfield (1918). However, that name had been listed as a witness on the 1890 photograph of Hing (18).


Frederick W. Miller

F. W. Miller was an identifying witness for Ah Chung (1) dated October 9, 1893. Mansfield (1918:650-654) has a photograph and a biographical sketch of an F. W. Miller. Miller was born in 1845 near Hermann, Gasconade County, Missouri, and came to Chico in February of 1875. He was briefly employed by Sanderson and Harris, and later by Ticknor, Burnham and Company. In 1889, he started a grocery business for himself at the corner of Third and Main Streets. J. H. Sawtell, another of the identifying witnesses, became Miller’s partner in 1892 through 1895. A spirit bottle with embossing on it was found in an archaeological site near Centerville in Butte Creek Canyon (Kraft 1998:204). This embossing read “MILLER & SAWTELL FINE FAMILY WINES & LIQUORS, CHICO, CAL.” The bottle was produced between 1892 and 1895. In 1910, he bought the Miller block and erected a larger grocery store. A man named Minderman was his partner in the store from 1911 through 1914. Miller married a young woman named America Phillips. The couple had ten children, five of whom were still living in 1918. (America died on April 16, 1906.) There was a Frederick W. Miller family found on the electronic version of the 1880 Census. The household consisted of Frederick (34), his wife Mary M. (29), and their six children. The children’s names were John W. (10), Lena D. (8), Emma A. (7), Charles (6), Alice (3), and Bertha (1). Miller’s occupation was listed as clerk in a grocery store. The parents and four oldest children had been born in Missouri, and the two youngest children were born in California.


Moose Bros (Brothers?)

Another identifying witness on the 1893 Ah Chung photograph (1) was the “Moose Bros.” Mansfield (1918) does not mention anyone named Moose. Since there were no first names for these brothers, a search in the electronic version of the 1880 Census was made under the last name “Moose.” There was a Moose household, census place 3rd Ward, Sacramento, Sacramento County, owners of a retail grocery business. Solomon (49) was living with his wife Ricka (39), a brother Birthold Moose (29), another relative, Moses Moose (21), and four sons and a daughter. The children were named Alexander (19), Abraham (16), Gust (15), Jacob (10), and Fannie (7). The occupation for Solomon was listed as retail grocer, for Moses it was dry goods clerk, for Alexander it was dry goods store, and for Birthold it was cigar dealer.


J. G. Murphy

The name of J. G. Murphy was listed as an identifying witness on five of the Chinese photographs: Ah Chung, 1893 (1); Ah Jeung, 1892 (7); Wong Goon, 1899 (33); Wong Quong, 1893 (38); and Yee Louis Sing, 1899 (40). This last photograph stated that Murphy owned and operated a harness store. No J. G. Murphy was found during a search of the electronic version of the 1880 Census nor did Mansfield (1918) list this Murphy in his index.


C. Nathan & Co.

No C. Nathan came up on the electronic version of the 1880 Census for Butte County or in Mansfield’s publication. The photograph of Ah Jeung (7) taken in 1892 had this name on the back.


August L. Neubarth

The Boo Sang …G ? photograph (9) listed A. L. Neubarth as a witness. This name did not appear in the electronic version of the 1880 Census. However, Mansfield (1918:724, 726) has a biographical sketch of an August L. Neubarth. Neubarth had been born in Waterloo, Saint Clair County, Illinois, on August 30, 1864. His father, John G. Neubarth, was a cigar manufacturer and owned a cigar store. August came to Chico in 1876 as a tobacconist, working first in the McCormick Brothers Drug Store, later being a clerk for J. W. Roper (insurance, 1885). Additionally he became an owner of an insurance firm, elected both as school trustee (1899-1918) and the president of the school board. He was also the owner of fifty acres near Gridley planted with alfalfa, almonds and prunes. He was bandmaster of the Eighth and Second Regiment Bands, the Chico band, and the Neubarth band. August married Rose Shirr and they had two children, Edwin and Wesley. The Neubarth home was located at 330 Wall Street.


A. L. Nichols

Four of the photographs had the name of A. L. Nichols as one of the witnesses. They were three of the 1893 photographs--Ah Hayong (3), Chong On (12), Gee Pong (16), and the 1894 one of Wong Yon (39). The name A. L. Nichols did not appear on the electronic version of the 1880 Census. Mansfield (1918:316, 318), however, listed A. L. Nichols as one of the committee of fifteen that secured a state normal school for Chico and as serving on the board of trustees for that school.


John Noare ?

Another of the witness names could not be deciphered completely. The last name only, which looked like “Noare” (?) , was written on the back of the 1894 image of Wong OK (37). It was not surprising that John Noare was not found in Mansfield (1918) nor in the electronic version of the 1880 Census.


John H. Noonan

The name of John H. Noonan came up in the Dennis Noonan household in the electronic version of the 1880 Census in Chico, Butte County. Dennis Noonan (34), druggist, was living with his wife Helen G. (24) and his brother John H. Noonan (32). Occupation listed for John was stock dealer. Both the brothers had been born in New York, and Helen had been born in the Sandwich Islands. John was an identifying witness on the back of the 1883 photograph of Wong Quong (38). The John H. Noonan name was not found in Mansfield (1918).


Solomon Pettit

One Solomon Pettit was found in the electronic version of the 1880 Census in California. His census place was Newcastle, Placer County, not in Butte County. His occupation was listed as bar keeper. The Pettit name appeared as an identifying witness on the 1894 photograph of Quong Hung (28). Mansfield (1918) did not list this name in his index.


E. T. Reynolds

E. T. Reynolds was a witness on the 1899 photograph of Tung Foo (30). This name did not appear on the electronic version of the 1880 Census. The only place where E. T. Reynolds was mentioned in Mansfield (1918:376) was under “County Charter.” In 1916 his name was listed as one of the fifteen freeholders of the county elected to draw up the charter. This charter consolidated the offices of tax collector and treasurer, district attorney and public administrator, sheriff and coroner, along with several other provisions including the decrease in general of salaries paid to county officials. The charter was ratified by the voters.


J. R. Robinson

The name of J. R. Robinson only appeared as a witness on one photograph, that of Wong Ning (36) dated October of 1897. Two John R. Robinsons came up in the electronic version of the 1880 Census, father and son, census place Chico, Butte County. The Robinson household consisted of six persons: John R. (36), his wife Nellie (26), their three sons, and a domestic servant, Rose Crosby (25). The three sons were George F. (6), John R. (4), and Albert St. C. (1). The senior John R. had his occupation listed as clerk in bank. Mansfield (1918:712, 715) had a biographical sketch of John R. Robinson, Sr. The elder John was born in Lexington, Missouri, on September 22, 1842. The Robinson family came to Hansonville, California, in 1852. After attending a business college in San Francisco, he worked for Crew and Conley, who were express agents and bankers. In California he worked in this company’s La Porte and Quincy offices and also in their Winnemucca, Nevada, office. In 1871, he was an agent of Wells Fargo and Company in Chico. He served as county clerk in 1875 before becoming an employee of Charles Faulkner (1876), cashier for the Bank of Butte County. He retired from this position in 1912 and died on October 9, 1915. Mansfield indicated that the wife’s name was Mary Ellen Jones and that they had four sons, George Foster, John Rose, Albert S. and Frank S.


J. N. Roper

J. N. Roper did not appear in the electronic version of the 1880 Census nor in the Mansfield book (1918). This name only appeared on one of the Chinese photographs, that of Sam Yuen (29). This photograph said the certificate was dated August 29, 1898. This person’s middle initial appears to be “N” on this photograph, but it may have been “W.” (See entry below).


J. W. Roper

The name of J. W. Roper was found on the 1890 photograph of Hing (18). However, no further references were found in Mansfield (1918) or in the electronic version of the 1880 Census. When the microfilmed 1880 Census was checked, a “John W. Roper” was one of 40 people living in the Henry Rogers household, census place Chico, Butte County. Roper was a fire insurance agent whose place of birth was Prince Edward Island. Both of his parents had been born in Maine.


C. C. Royce

C. C. Royce was an identifying witness on two of the photographs--Wong Ning (35) whose photograph was taken in 1892, and Wong Ning (36), whose photograph was taken in 1897. The name of C. C. Royce did not come up on the electronic version of the 1880 Census. On the back of photograph 36 it stated that Charles C. Royce was a ranch manager. Mansfield (1918:128) said that Royce was John Bidwell’s associate, business manager and friend. He edited a book about his friend entitled John Bidwell, Pioneer, Statesman, Philanthropist.


J. H. Sawtell

The name of J. H. Sawtell was listed as an identifying witness for three photographs. They were as follows: Lee Ding (25), dated 1893; Sam Yuen (29), dated 1898; and Tung Foo (30), dated 1898. J. H. Sawtell did not come up in the electronic version of the 1880 Census for Butte County. However, Sawtell was in Chico at least by 1892-1895 as he was in partnership with F. W. Miller (Mansfield 1918:653). (See entry above under F. W. Miller concerning a bottle found near Centerville in Butte Creek Canyon that had their company name on it.)


A. G. Simpson

On the 1894 photograph of Quong Hung (28) was an identifying witness named A. G. Simpson. The name of A. G. Simpson did appear in the electronic version of the 1880 Census in Oroville, Butte County. Alexander G. was an eleven-year-old child living with his widowed mother, Ellen B. (39). Date of birth in the census was listed as 1869. Mansfield (1918: 611-612) also had a biographical sketch of an Alexander Gibb Simpson. His year of birth in this sketch was said to be on April 2, 1863, at Oroville. His parents’ names were Alexander Gibb Simpson, Sr., and Ellen Boyle Simpson. After finishing public school, Simpson, Jr., clerked in various stores. Then in 1883, he became the county recorder and auditor as a deputy under Thomas A. Atchison. Simpson next came to Chico as a bookkeeper for Tickner, Burnham and Company (1877-1892), moved on to secretary and collector for the Chico Water Company (1892-1901), and finally became a water company superintendent (1901 until at least 1918). Simpson and G. L. Barham, another identifying witness, had a partnership in a 77-acre orchard where they grew prunes, peaches, olives and almonds. Simpson, Jr., was married to Mabel Dixon Hendricks. Her father, Thomas P. Hendricks, was a nephew of Thomas A. Hendricks, President Grover Cleveland’s vice-president.


C. G. Simpson

The name of C. G. Simpson did not appear in the electronic version of the 1880 Census or in Mansfield (1918). However, this name did appear on the back of one of the Chinese photographs, that of Tung Foo (30). The photograph was dated November 2, 1899.


C. L. Simpson

This third Simpson also did not appear in the computerized 1880 Census nor in the Mansfield publication (1918). C. L. Simpson was, however, one of the witnesses on the 1892 photograph of Ah Jeung (7).


T. M. Smith

No T. M. Smith came up when the computerized 1880 Census was researched. This name was on two of the Chinese photographs. They were the 1892 photograph of Ah Jeung (7) and the 1893 photograph of Wong Quong (38). Mansfield (1918) did not have a T. M. Smith in the index.


W. C. Smith

The name of W. C. Smith was not found in Mansfield (1918) nor in the computerized 1880 Census. It was only found on one of the photographs, the 1896 one of Boo San …g ? (9).


George S. Snook

George Snook’s name was present as an identifying witness on six of the photographs in this collection. They were as follows: Ah Hayong, 1893 (3); Ah Woon, 1892 (8); Coon Shoy, 1893 (13); Hing, 1890 (18); Jung Ching, 1893 (24); and Lee Yun, 1892 (26). A George S. Snook household was found on the computerized 1880 Census, census place Chico, Butte County. The household consisted of George S. (37), wife Amanda J. (28), their two daughters, and his mother Elizabeth Parker (62). The two daughters’ names were Leota (8) and Edna (3). The occupation listed for Snook was driving an express wagon. Snook was born in Indiana, his wife in Missouri, his mother in Pennsylvania, and the two children in California. Snook was not found in Mansfield (1918). The microfilmed 1880 Census said the residence was located on Wall Street.


Thomas C. Spencer

The name of Thomas C. Spencer was not found in Mansfield (1918) nor in the computerized 1880 Census. It was only found on the 1893 Hoy Lee photograph (21).


C. B. Swain

C. B. Swain was identified as a witness on the back of two of the 1893 photographs--Ah Hayong (3) and Coon Shoy (13). “C. B. Swain” was not found in the Mansfield book (1918) nor in the computerized 1880 Census. However, in the microfilmed 1880 Census a “Cas. B. Swain” (22) was found in the Chico School district, Dwelling # 33. He was listed as one of 79 people residing in the Ira Doolittle Hotel on Main Street. His occupation was listed as clerk in a hardware store. His place of birth was California, and his parents had been born in Ohio. When the Doolittle Hotel information was printed from the microfilmed 1880 Census, there were not 79 people listed in this residence nor was Cas. B. Swain listed as a resident. This resident’s name was listed as Cas. B. Servacio.


John T. Veal

The 1893 photograph of Gee Pong (16) had the name of a witness named John T. Veal. Mansfield (1918) did not mention this name. However, John T. Veal (41) was found in the computerized 1880 Census with a census place of Chico, Butte County. He was living in the Doolittle Hotel on Main Street with 36 other people, including another identifying witness, Park Henshaw. The occupation listed for Veal was bar tender. His place of birth was listed as Indiana with his father’s state of birth being South Carolina and mother’s state of birth Kentucky.


W. H. Waddaurs

The name of W. H. Waddaurs appeared on the back of one of the photographs in this collection. It was the 1893 one for Ah Chung (1). No “W. H.” or “William H.” Waddaurs appeared in the computerized 1880 Census or was mentioned in the Mansfield index (1918). However, when the microfilmed 1880 Census was checked, there was a William H. Waddaurs family listed for the Chico School District. There were six members in this family and the residence, Dwelling #170, was located on Broadway. William (39) was living with his wife Esther A. (24), their three children and his brother, Culet ? (42). The children’s names were William A. (8), Lucy A. (5), and Daisy (3). William and his brother were both gun smiths and had been born in Illinois. The three children had been born in California, and Esther had been born in Oregon.


Edward A. Warren

E. A. Warren was an identifying witness on nine of the photographs in this collection. They were for the following men: Ah Hun, 1893 (6); Boo Sang …g, 1896 (9); Coon Shoy, 1893 (13); Gee Pong, 1893 (16); Hung Goon, 1893 (22); Jim Gee, 1893 (23); Jung Ching, 1893 (24); Wong Fun, 1893 (32); and Wong OK, 1894 (37). An Edward A. Warren came up in the computerized 1880 Census, with a census place of Chico, Butte County. Warren (28) was living in his father’s home. The father, Robert E. Warren (52), was residing with his wife Helen M. (48), Edward, and another son, Emmet C. (16). The occupation listed for Robert and his father was confectionery and for Emmet apprentice tinner. Robert had been born in Virginia, Helen in Maine, and the two sons had been born in California. There was a biographical sketch of Edward A. Warren in Mansfield (1918: 965-966). Warren was born in Red Bluff, Tehama County, on December 24, 1851, to Robert Emmet Warren and his wife, a Miss Hall. Edward’s mother died in 1869. Evidently, the Helen M. listed in the census must have been his step-mother. His father Robert rented a portion of the Bidwell orchard and grew a garden. He had a produce business on Main Street. Later he would go into the confectionery trade, which he would eventually sell to Edward (1881). In 1881, Edward added toys to his manufacturing confectionery and ice-cream establishment. Guy Jackson bought this business in 1895, allowing Warren to ship dried fruits and nuts full time, an undertaking he had started in 1892. Margaret Watson was the maiden name of Edward’s wife, whom he married on August 14, 1881. Other offices held by Warren included that of city trustee, city treasurer, and he was acting as a trustee of the Chico State Normal School at the time of his death. Warren (58) died of a heart attack on August 3, 1910.


A. F. Waterland

One of the identifying witnesses on the back of the Wong Ning photograph (36) was A. F. Waterland. It stated that Waterland was a merchant, but his name of was not found in the Mansfield index (1918) nor in the computerized 1880 Census. However, when reading the biographical sketch for Isadore Breslauer (Mansfield 1918:675), “the Waterlands” were mentioned as his partners. The Breslauer Estate Company, with the Waterlands, erected the Breslauer and Waterland Building on Fourth and Broadway in Chico. It is unknown at this time if this is one of the partners or if they are the Waterlands discussed below.


George F. Waterland

A George F. Waterland appeared in the computerized 1880 Census. He was living in his parents’ home, census place Chico, Butte County. William the father (47), who had been born in England, was residing with his wife Elizabeth R. (49) and their four children. The children were named Tyre H. (18), George F. (16), John (14), and Annie D. (14). Occupations listed were as follows: William, tailor; Tyre, cabinet maker; and George, clerk in dry goods store. The name G. F. Waterland was listed on the 1893 photograph of Jung Ching (24). Mansfield (1918: 762-763) had a biographical sketch for a Capt. John S. Waterland. This is the same family because the English father’s name was William and he was a merchant tailor with an establishment on Main Street. The Waterland Brothers, two of them, had a confectionery business in Chico between First and Second Streets. There were three Waterland brothers, but it is not clear which two were the partners. In 1896, John sold out his portion of the business to his brother, still unnamed, and moved to Redding.


Leo Weil

The name of Leo Weil was listed on the back of the 1893 photograph of Ah Hun (6). One Leo Weil appeared on the computerized 1880 Census, but not in Butte County. The census place was Shasta, Shasta County. This Leo was an eleven-year-old boy living in his parents’ home. The household was composed of the father David (44), a dry goods merchant, mother Bella (31), their two sons, and two other persons, Mary Gordan (24), who did housework, and Julius Leiter (28), who was a grocer. David, Bella, and Julius had all been born in Germany, while the other three household members had been born in California. There was no Leo Weil found in Mansfield (1918).


M. L. Wey ?

One of the witness names on the back of the 1894 photograph of Wong Yon (39) was hard to decipher. The last name looked like it was “Wey.” This name did not appear in Mansfield (1918) nor in the computerized 1880 Census.


H. D. White

H. D. White was listed as one of the eight witnesses on the 1893 photograph of Ah Hun (6). No H. D. White came up in the computerized 1880 Census nor was that name found in Mansfield (1918). There were several biographical sketches for White families; however, none of them had an “H.D. White” in their family trees. There was a Henry W. White (Mansfield 1918:1020) who was a rancher, stock raiser, deputy county assessor, and supervisor in the fifth district.


Frederick C. Williams

F. C. Williams was listed as a witness on two of the 1893 photographs. They were the ones for Jung Ching (24) and Lee Ding (25). One F. C. Williams came up while searching the computerized 1880 Census whose census place was Chico, Butte County. Frederick Williams (23) was living in the Rose boarding house. The household consisted of Noble S. Rose (44), his wife Amelia G. (41), their three children, and three other persons. The children were named Fannie (22), Kittie S. (17), and John H. (9). The other two people in the household besides Frederic were Cornelius J. Sullivan (19) and Thomas Dunakin. The occupations listed were as follows: Noble Rose, chicken farmer; Amelia Rose, keeping a boarding house; Fannie, house keeping; Frederick Williams, furniture dealer; Cornelius Sullivan, upholsterer; and Thomas Dunakin, dairy hand. There was a biographical sketch for Frederick Claudius Williams in Mansfield (1918:947-948). This appears to be the same Williams, as both in the census and in the biographical sketch his birth place was listed as Illinois and his parents’ birth place was listed as Wales. The parents’ names were William Williams and Rachel Davis Williams, and their family eventually included nine children. Frederick was born in September 1855. In 1878, Williams came to Chico and opened up a furniture, carpet and undertaking business with his partner Charles Fetters. Their company was called Fetters and Williams. This business was located at several places--the corner of Third Street and Broadway (1878), second at Main Street, between Second and Third (1879-1883), the corner of Main and Second Streets (1884-1887), and then between Broadway and Salem Street (1888-1918). Williams bought out his partner in 1906. He was also a successful horticulturist, owning acreage planted with almonds and prunes, and a pioneer apiarist of the Chico area. He owned six apiaries containing approximately 800 colonies of bees. He was the first in the area to introduce the culture of bees on a commercial scale. Frederick was married to Estella Gertrude Hand.


D. H. Wilson

D. H. Wilson was an identifying witness on two of the 1892 photographs, those of Lee Yun (26) and Wong Ning (35). This name did not come up in a search of the computerized 1880 Census nor in the Mansfield book (1918). Mansfield had biographical sketches on several Wilson families but none of them mentioned a “D. H. Wilson.”


William W. Wilson

William W. Wilson was a name found on the 1898 photograph of Sam Yuen (29). The name of William Wilson did come up in the computerized 1880 Census with a census place of Chico, Butte County. He was residing with an F. H. Morris (26) and a Maude Morris (20). Morris was a house carpenter. William Wilson (25) was a laborer who had been born in Iowa. Mansfield (1918:1248-1249, 770,773) had a biographical sketch of a William C. Wilson, a Gridley dentist, but he did not come to California until 1907, and a William M. Wilson, a Butte County miner.


C H. Woods

C. H. Woods, as an identifying witness, appeared three times on the Chinese photographs in this collection. He was on the photographs for Coon Shoy, 1893 (13), Wong Goon, 1899 (33), and Wong Quong, 1893 (38). A “Charles H. Woods” was found on the computerized 1880 Census with a census place of Chico, Butte County. Charles H. (37), a clothing merchant, was residing with his wife Isabella C. (27) and their son Charles L. (9). Woods was born in Vermont, his wife in the Utah Territory, and the son in California. The microfilmed 1880 Census noted that the residence, Dwelling #253, was located on Sycamore Street (now Normal). It also listed five other residents in the home. They were Charles H. Walker (28), partner in clothing store, Lucy A. Walker (24), wife, Frank H. Walker (1), Willis Thrasher (18), brother-in-law, and Mary Perry (45), servant. The name of Charles H. Woods was not found in Mansfield (1918).